Seventy-two hour kits, bug-out bags, and weight (Or, “How to assemble a list of ‘essentials’ so heavy it would give the Terminator a hernia”)

I’ve been reading a lot about seventy-two hour kits again lately. The lists of STUFF recommended by these so-called “authorities” (read: pointy-headed wogs that have never strapped on a pack in their lives) is astounding. There is no consideration given to weight or context. They take a one-size-fits-all approach, ending up with about two-hundred pounds of gear. Worse, these lists are copied-and-pasted throughout the blogosphere. Stop it. Stop copying and pasting without acknowledging reality. You’re going to get someone killed, hopefully just yourself.

Let’s consider weight. Yes, our military men and women routinely deploy with 120-pound rucksacks; and you know what? It’s entirely too much weight for a 20 year-old Ranger, who is so hard you could roller skate on him. If it’s too much weight for men that get paid to exercise, it’s too much weight for your average wheezing cube-dweller. Get realistic. For the last hundred years folks in the know have been advising our military (and armies throughout the world, actually) that forty pounds of gear is the extreme upper limit of what to carry for any extended period of time. Forty pounds, and that’s including your clothes, boots, rifle, and the weight of the pack itself. How much can you really carry?

Get your bag out. Now start as naked as you can get without scaring the dog and cat and step onto the scale. Add forty pounds to that weight. Boots, belts, and everyday-carry gear can really add up, can’t it? Now, go through your pack. Do you really need all of that? I am not going to begin to tell you what to carry, or to make a list for you. I hate pre-made lists. If you’re looking for that, go somewhere else. The internet is replete with asinine lists, with no context or purpose. Do not copy what you have not tested. Consider what you need to survive in the rule of threes. A person can survive:

  • 30 seconds without controlling serious bleeding
  • 3 minutes without oxygen
  • 3 hours without shelter in extreme hot/cold conditions
  • 3 days without water
  • 3 weeks without food

Prioritize and build your bag accordingly. It should all add up to about forty pounds (including your rifle), depending upon your physical condition.

Set limits that fit your physical fitness, age, location, companions, budget, and intentions. Where are you going? How are you getting there? This is why I say time and again, “Walking sucks”. Set your gear up in “lines”. Pre-pack everything so that you have it set up from what’s in your pockets, to what is in a pack or LBE, to boxes for the bed of your truck or trunk of your car, to a trailer or roof rack. Have plans for losing, stashing, or giving away all of it. That is, be prepared for going without the line below the one you’re currently using. If you lose your pack, use what is in your LBE. If you lose your LBE, use what is in your pockets. This is not an excuse to add weight to your person. Use what you have. If you don’t have the tool, you are. Use your skills and knowledge to make up the difference. Above all else say “And no more!” once you hit your weight limits, so every single tool is prioritized. Add the “nice-to-haves” to these other layers. Camp stoves, tents, heavy food supplies, extra first aid supplies, water, ammunition, wedding pictures, scrapbooks, whatever, it all goes here, in your car, truck, RV, pack mule, whatever. Keep your immediate-use gear light, handy, and pertinent.

I am not a fan of the “seventy-two hour kit”. First, there is no way of knowing how long you will be on your own in, or in the aftermath of, a disaster. My take is forever, or until the stores open again. You are on your own. No one is coming for you. FEMA and the Red Cross are not your friends. They will disarm you and put you at their mercy, feeding you what they feel like, when they feel like it. The ultimate goal of Survival Club is to live as close to the comfort level you are now for as long as possible. Let some other schmuck stand in line for an MRE and a cot in the corner of the Murderdome. If you are relying upon your “bug-out bag”, know what you’re doing and where you are going, in context.

Trouble with imageshack

I realize several important pictures are currently missing from this blog. Imageshack lost them. I do have backups; but not all of them are easily accessible now. I will endeavor to replace them as quickly as possible. I apologize for the lack of professionalism.

The madness of wheezing, bloated consumers

This is as important to prepare for as earthquakes, fires, and pandemic. The world is falling apart, and most people are too fat, lazy, and stupid to care (did you see the flab-a-lannche of those consumers? Lay off the gravy, people).

My recommendation is that everyone get their heads and asses wired together for this eventuality.


Less Than Half of Essential Workers Willing to Report to Work During a Serious Pandemic, Study Finds

This might include everything from linemen, sanitation, and ER personnel, not just police, fire, and EMS.

Less Than Half of Essential Workers Willing to Report to Work During a Serious Pandemic, Study Finds

ScienceDaily (Sep. 30, 2010) — Although first responders willingly put themselves in harm’s way during disasters, new research indicates that they may not be as willing — if the disaster is a potentially lethal pandemic.

In a recent study, researchers at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health found that more than 50% of the first responders and other essential workers they surveyed might be absent from work during a serious pandemic, even if they were healthy.

The study, reported online in the October issue of the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, involved over 1100 workers recruited from six essential workgroups, all located in the New York metropolitan area. The workgroups included hospital employees, police and fire department personnel, emergency medical services workers, public health workers, and correctional facility officers.

The researchers found that while 80% of the workers would be able (i.e., available) to report to duty, only 65% were willing. Taken together, less than 50% of these key workers were both willing and able to report to duty. According to the lead author, Dr. Robyn Gershon, Professor of Clinical Sociomedical Sciences and Associate Dean for Research Resources at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health, and Faculty Affiliate at Columbia University’s National Center for Disaster Preparedness, “these data indicate that non-illness related shortfalls among essential workers could be substantial.”

In anonymous surveys, workers reported on their willingness to work during a serious pandemic; the percent willing ranged from a high of 74% (public health workers) to a low of 56% (correctional workers). The researchers found that motivation to work during a serious pandemic was associated with workplace safety measures and trust in the employer’s ability to protect workers from harm. Workers were also more willing to report to duty if their employer provided them with respirators and pandemic vaccine and had an established pandemic plan. Willingness was also tied to past experience; essential workers who had responded to a previous disaster were significantly more willing to report during a pandemic.

The researchers found that workers’ ability or availability to work during a serious pandemic was closely linked to their personal obligations. Referred to as “dilemmas of loyalty,” otherwise healthy essential workers might stay at home to care for sick family members or their children — if schools are closed. Organizational policies and programs that help workers meet their personal obligations will also increase workers’ ability to work. “Even something as simple as ensuring that workers can communicate with their families while they are on duty, can have a big impact on both ability and willingness,” reports Dr. Gershon.

Even though the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) made workplace pandemic planning and training materials readily available, the Columbia study did not find much evidence of preparedness. Only a small proportion of the workers (9%) were aware of their organization’s pandemic plans, and only 15% had ever received pandemic influenza training at work. As Dr. Gershon notes, “the study findings suggest that these preparedness steps are important in building worker trust. Workers who trust that their employers can protect them during a communicable disease outbreak will be significantly more likely to come to work and perform their jobs- jobs that are vital to the safety, security and well-being of the entire community.”

To help ensure adequate staffing levels, employers should focus preparedness efforts on worker protection and the development of policies that facilitate the attendance of healthy workers. The authors suggest a number of relatively straightforward strategies that employers can take to support employees’ response during pandemic outbreaks. These include:

* Prepare a plan to quickly and easily vaccinate essential workers and their families, so that when a vaccine is available it can be readily distributed.
* Discuss respiratory protection needs with public health officials. They can provide guidance on the need, feasibility, and use of these safety devices.

Guidance on planning is available from CDC-funded Preparedness and Emergency Response Learning Centers, such as the one at Columbia University’s National Center for Disaster Preparedness.

Disclaimer: This article is not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of ScienceDaily or its staff.

It’s something to consider when planning for an emergency: you’re on your own. Period. Forget about the whole “just three days” garbage. Forget the cavalry. Forget FEMA and DHS. They’re not on your side. No, you may be on your own for a very long time- weeks to months for a pandemic. How can we plan accordingly?

If there are people in your families and neighborhoods that you would like to see working in the aftermath of a WCS-event (not just fire, police, and EMS, but also folks in sanitation, power linemen, nurses, ER docs, etc.) think about what you can do to help with their families. Everyone wants to say “I’m taking care of my family first”. I agree with that; but what can you do to help these men and women feel a little better about leaving their families behind? Would you help watch their children, assuming you didn’t have to work, too?

I think it would go a long way to helping our neighborhoods if we could all pitch in a little in that event. Let’s assume that 8+ earthquake hits in the SL Valley. If your neighbor is an ER nurse, wouldn’t you want him or her at work? If I had a job that I know would be on hold in the aftermath, I’d gladly help mind the kids, same goes for any good neighbor expected to work in the aftermath of an emergency.

I see this as an opportunity to strengthen communities and put in a little Christian service.

We’re on our own; but that doesn’t mean we have to live in a bubble.

Cholera in Haiti

Related to my previous post on diarrhea:

Pay attention to the fact sheet at the bottom of the page. These are the things that we take for granted daily. We assume that the water that comes fro the tap will be clean. We assume that the garbage man will haul off the trash. We assume that the toilets will flush. In an emergency, these things will not work; and you will have to find ways to compensate. Remember good hygiene and sanitation. Do not eat with your fingers in the aftermath of a disaster. Wash your hands frequently. If there is no water available, use alcohol-based sanitizer often.

When it’s least expected, you’re elected.


I plan on writing more on the subject later, but wanted to get this out in the meantime. School has been taking all of my attention; but this is school-related. Comments and criticism are welcome.

It’s a serious concern in any WCS; one I’ve been thinking about a lot lately. Eventually, I’ll get around to giving it a full essay. In the meantime, here are some thoughts. Hygiene is generally the first element of society to go in a disaster (right around the same time as civility). When the hand-washing goes, the runs set in. Without medical intervention, it can even kill, especially the very young and old. In developing countries, it is a common cause of death among children under five. Even in the US, 220,000 children per year are hospitalized for diarrhea (Porth, 2007).

The first key is fluid replacement. Pushing water is good; but electrolyte imbalance may result. Diminished sodium leads to an altered level of conscience, too little calcium to tetany, and potassium to fatigue, muscle weakness, and cardiac arrhythmia. One can keep all kinds of sports drinks around; but in a pinch, you can make your own:

1 tsp table salt
1 tsp baking soda
4 tsp granulated sugar
1 quart water
flavoring (your choice)

While pushing this fluid and vitamin supplements, avoid solid foods for 24 hours. Then start small, frequent meals of soft foods (BRAT- bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast). Avoid raw fruits and vegetables, fried foods, fiber, bran, condiments, spices, coffee, and alcohol. Add milk and dairy products last. Antacids, OTC analgesics, coffee, tea, and cola may exacerbate the problem (LeMone, & Burke, 2008) .

Treat the cause. Most diarrhea is self-limiting. Wash your hands frequently in a SHTF event (and any other time, really). Avoid contaminated or suspect food, drugs. Stay hydrated.

Works cited.

LeMone, P., & Burke, L. (2008). Medical-surgical nursing: critical thinking in client care. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson      Education.

Porth, C.M. (2007). Essentials of pathophysiology: concepts of altered health science. Philapelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins.

This is WHY you carry your blowout kit, in addition to your pistol:


TAYLORSVILLE, Utah – An 18-year-old woman and her friend were stabbed in Taylorsville Wednesday night while walking on the Jordan River Parkway Trail. Both she and her friend were allegedly attacked by three male Hispanic suspects, according to Unified Police Department. The 18-year-old was said to be seriously injured after being stabbed in the torso, while the other, a male, was said to had been stabbed in the eye. Police say that the couple encountered the three suspects on the trail, but did not give details regarding whether they knew the suspects or were possibly ambushed. FOX 13 will have more on the incident as details are released.

Copyright © 2010, KSTU-TV

Listen again: “We understand there were several witnesses that came to the aid of the young man and young woman who were stabbed…” A pressure dressing and a hemostatic bandage might have saved her life.

Carry your pistol, reload, and blade; but also carry some kind of blowout kit.

I asked an old-timer once, “How often do folks die around here?”

More later. I am having troubles wrestling with the HTML
His reply: “Only once.”
Continue reading

Internet down

No internet at home for the time being. I need to add another picture or two to get the blowout kit redo just so. It might have to wait for a while. In the meantime, more feedback is appreciated. Let me know if I can clear up any points, and I will do my best with limited resources. Thanks.

One reason why we prepare (MEChA, La Raza, Reconquista):

It does not matter how you feel about illegal immigration. If you believe in the free market, if you stand for the Republic, you are this man’s sworn enemy.

If this disgusts you, you are not alone. If you want to do something about it, forward your feelings, along with the link above to his bosses. He is not a UCLA instructor, as the tittle states, but a school teacher in Los Angeles. Here is the school’s contact information:
Phone: (213) 763-1000
Los Angeles Unified School District
Tel: 213-241-7000
Los Angeles Board of Education:
Tel: 213-241-6389

His name is Ron Gochez, and he needs to be looking for a new job.

Keep fighting the soft war now, so that we won’t have to fight a hard war against his forty million revolutionaries later.

Edit (5 April 2011): This video is removed from Youtube. I’ll attempt to find it again.


Sorry that I’ve run into snag regarding the blowout kit update. I need to go get some batteries for the camera.  Tomorrow, I hope. In the interim, I am still working on my review of the SF medical handbook. The more I read, the more I think that it is of little practical benefit to the untrained. I’ll reserve final judgment for now.